Trauma is the situations that, unexpectedly occurring, cause feelingsof horror, fear and anxiety for people on daily routine. These situations can be accepted as trauma, if it causes a physical or psychological impaitment on person or his/her relationships. Natural disasters, wars, migration, physical or sexual abuse, violance can be accepted as traumatic event.
Feeling guilt, fear, anxiety, regret, obsessions, loss of appetite, relieving the event, and nightmares are possible outcomes after the traumatic event. However, the age range of the aggrieved, and type of event occurence differentiate the outcomes of the trauma. After the traumatic event, seeing these reactions for approximately one month is normal. However if the one, who subject to traumatic event, shows the following symptoms longer, he/she should be supported by a mental heart expert.
Re-experiencing: The traumatic event takes place in the minds of people exposed to trauma, the constant repetition. The images of the event alive in front of the continuous eye, or hear sounds.
Hopelessness ideas for the future: abandon all plans after the events of the dry onward. People may think that everything is meaningless and fleeting.It is widely thought that, no one can understand. This will adversely affect the life of the size that could interfere with daily functioning, people do not go to work, reduce their contact with the environment. If the person is not controlled,suicidal thougts can be seen. people exposed to trauma in such cases should be kept under constant surveillance, care must be taken to be left alone by relatives.
Disosiation: The emergence of conscious memory and identity, after a traumatic event, which is, sad, scary, terrifying, or credible. These can be seen as behavioral impairments, such as, disability of talking, memory loss, blackout, etc.
Alcohol and Drug Addiction: Uncontrolled and increased alcohol and drug use after the incident can be perceived as short-term solutions to forget the event in person’s mind, or can occur as a tendency to self-harm arising from guilt.Having a family history of addiction or person’s own addiction story creates a high risk for the emergence of alcohol or drug addiction.
Hyperarousal: Decreased pain and tolerance based on sadness, anxiety, exaggerated responsiveness to stimuli from the outside, insomnia, fatigue, fatigue, and personality traits manifested in their behaviors is to emphasize the physical and mental state of tension.Difficulty to concentrate, irritability, aggression, temper tantrums, nightmares, may cause to feel constantly under threat.
Physiological Symptoms: In addition to psychological reactions, physical changes are also possible to be seen on people after the trauma. These are palpitations, excessive sweating, tremors, stomach pain, indigestion, loss of appetite or overeating, sleep problems, excessive distraction or forgetfulness, and can be seen in the form of menstrual irregularities in women.The incidence of these symptoms may vary from person to person experiencing time. Certain period of time to be experiencing these changes, means that, our body defense and crisis situations which now can mean trying to cope with. But after the extinction event, it is expected to decrease after a few weeks. Increasing or the stability of these symptoms, or a causing a situation that threatens the health of other people, require the support from a mental health professional.